This session will present an overview of papers and articles on the reform of economic and political governance of the European Union.
THE DILEMMA OF EUROPE: Capitalism vs. Democracy
The debate Streeck-Habermas, has the object of contention, the future of the European Union. According to sociologist Wolfgang Streeck, economic integration is killing democracy to defend capitalism better to recover as soon as the guards of the nation state. For the philosopher Jürgen Habermas, however, the political deepening of the EU is the only way to save democracy and reconcile it with the market.
TO THE ITALIAN PRESIDENCY OF THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
BETWEEN AMBITIONS AND ILLUSIONS
Since the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty (1 December 2009), the system of half-yearly presidencies of the European Union, entrusted in rotation to the Member States, has undergone significant changes, which had an impact on the tasks assigned to the State presiding the Council and, consequently, led to a significant reduction of the importance of the appointment. Prof. Carlo Curti Gialdino, associate professor of European Union Law at the University of Rome La Sapienza, in his article published on Federalismi.it, examines the discipline of the half-yearly presidencies of the EU Council, in order to identify, in practice, such as formations of the Council are subject to the presidency by the Member State holding the six-month rotating, and then explain how they shape the program of activities of the Presidency.
DIRECT ELECTION OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE EUROPEAN UNION
It is currently under discussion in the proposal of a President of the Commission of the European Union directly elected by the people. As a rule, the member countries, on the basis of the election results, they propose a candidate for President of the European Commission, an expression of the political force most represented in Parliament. Elmar Brok, Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the European Parliament, Member of the Spinelli Group, warns of what might be the effects of a direct election of the President of the Commission, election would be conferred by a high proportion of legitimacy, which he may use significantly only if given political power to do so adequately.
The participation of citizens to vote for the renewal of the European Parliament has been steadily falling. The first direct elections in 1979 to the last in 2009 it has gone from 66% to 43% stake, making a glimpse worrying disaffection of the EU institutions. With the idea of ??indicating the candidate for President of the Commission during the course of the election campaign, it aims to counterbalance the power of the European Council, an increasingly important role of the choices that have been taken to tackle the crisis. John Bonvicini, in the dossier published by Franco Angeli, takes on the subject of the new procedure for the appointment of the President of the European Commission, based on an analysis of the documents produced by the European Parliament and the Commission itself.
DIPLOMATIC LETTER: THE EUROPEAN DEADLINES OF 2014
2014 will feature a series of deadlines on the institutional EU: elections for the European Parliament, the appointment of the new President of the European Commission, appointment of the High Representative for the Common Foreign, Security and Defence, appointment President of the European Council. Diplomatic letter, by the Circle of Diplomatic Studies, gives a brief survey of the work that will engage the European Parliament and the Heads of State and Government in 2014, with particular attention to the Italian presidency.
THE EU IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY: CAPACITY, STRATEGIES AND LEGITIMACY
This document was produced by the Institute for International Affairs (IAI) in Rome and is divided into four sections, starting with a review of the European landscape in the area of ??defense policy, come up with a short presentation of the new priorities in foreign and security policy EU. The European system is well integrated in the economic, financial, communications and information, but it is highly fragmented in terms of defense and security policy.
THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE PARADOX OF ZENONE
Professor Lucia Serena Rossi in his article makes an assessment on the need for reform of the Treaty of Lisbon. The existing treaties, based on a weak compromise between conflicting visions of the fate of the European Union, seem incapable of responding to a crisis affecting the EU in several respects and that pushes to investigate what reforms are needed to answer the same. The study part, immediately, saying that the revision of the Treaty should focus on the economic, institutional and constitutional, because there is no doubt that this has been done a lot in a direction that could lead to the United States of Europe, but the road to the ‘objective is divided into an infinite number of new steps and as in Zeno’s paradox of Achilles and the tortoise, the finish line, although not very far, it seems increasingly difficult to achieve.
Attached is the link to the important document of the French group Eiffel, which complements the Glienicker Group to ask a political community of the euro.